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Istocno Sarajevo

Istocno Sarajevo (Serbian Cyrillic: Источно Сарајево; English: East Sarajevo) is a city in the Republika Srpska adjacent to its capital Sarajevo to its northeast. It is not a highly urbanized area despite officially being a city as it is basically the pre-war part of Sarajevo now in Republika Srpska.

It was previously known as Srpsko Sarajevo (Српско Сарајево, Serb Sarajevo) but the Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina adjudicated its name change.

Due to the changes in the municipal borders due to the recent war, it is only possible to estimate the area population at 71210.

As the de jure capital of Republika Srpska is Sarajevo, this city is interpretated by some as the capital of the Republika Srpska. However, the de facto capital of the Republika Srpska is Banja Luka which is the government seat.

The municipalies of Istocno Sarajevo are:

Istocna Ilidza

Istocna Ilidza (Cyrillic: Источна Илиџа) (pop. 16754) is a municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was also known as Srpska Ilidža (Српска Илиџа), as well as Kasindo (Касиндо) and was created from part of the pre-war municipality of Ilidža (the other part of the pre-war municipality is now in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina). There have been some proposals for the municipality to be merged with that of Lukavica.

Istocno Novo Sarajevo (aka Lukavica)

Istocno Novo Sarajevo (Cyrillic: Источно Ново Сарајево) (pop. 9129), formerly known as Srpsko Novo Sarajevo (Cyrillic: Српско Ново Сарајево) and Lukavica (Cyrillic: Лукавица), is a municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was created from part of the pre-war municipality of Novo Sarajevo (the other part of the pre-war municipality is now in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina). Istočno Novo Sarajevo is one of six municipalities that make city of Istočno Sarajevo. There have been some proposals for the municipality to be merged with that of Istočna Ilidža.

Istocni Stari Grad

Istocni Stari Grad (Cyrillic: Источни Стари Град) (pop. 3185) is a municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was also known as Srpski Stari Grad (Српски Стари Град), and was created from part of the pre-war municipality of Stari Grad (the other part of the pre-war municipality is now in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina).

Pale

Pale (Cyrillic: Пале) (pop. 25000) is a town and a municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina, located northeast of Bosnia's capital Sarajevo. The municipality of Pale is one of the municipalities of the City of Istočno Sarajevo.

Pale was known as the de facto capital of Republika Srpska during the Bosnian war, as the Constitution of Republika Srpska sets out that Sarajevo is the capital of Republika Srpska. The de facto capital has now transferred to Banja Luka.

Prior to the Dayton Peace Accord, Pale was a remote suburb of Sarajevo; following the population redistribution on the basis of ethnicity in Bosnia during and after the Bosnian War, it began to more closely resemble a proper town, which it does, today.

Sokolac

Sokolac (Cyrillic: Соколац) (pop. 15500) is a town and municipality in Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the Republika Srpska entity.

The population of the Sokolac town was composed of 94% Serbs.

Trnovo

Trnovo (RS) (pop. 1642) (Cyrillic: Трново (РС)) is a town and municipality in the city of Istocno Sarajevo, Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. It consists of part of the pre-war municipality of Trnovo. Two thirds of the pre-war municipality of Trnovo are in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with the municipality seat in the village of Dejcici.

From Wikipedia

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